Workshop 3 (Day 2)
STANDARDS & MODELS
After going through the content in this module, you will:
Create a post in the Discussions page. Respond to at least two colleagues' posts and to all responses on your post.
Complete an assignment in where you will create a lesson plan that uses one content standard, a technology standard, and a technology model.
Credit for the content that follows is attributed to UMGC (https://www.umgc.edu/).
As you will see from the information below, standards are a complex phenomenon, and there are many entrance points to the standards most appropriate to your situation. In this module, we will focus especially on the preK-12 technology standards and frameworks.
Standards can provide a coherent structure for understanding our disciplines and helping us think in terms of specific learning goals for students.
Standards ≠ Assessments. Whatever your feelings about the value of various types of assessments associated with the standards, understanding a wide consensus on what students should know and be able to do is important for excellence in teaching.
Standards ≠ Curriculum. Curriculum provides the map for instruction related to the standards.
You may want to begin by looking at the Common Core State Standards for your content area. The Common Core State Standards were released by the National Governor's Association Center for Best Practices and the Council of Chief State School Officers. The development of the standards involved 48 US states, two territories, and the District of Columbia, as well as a robust public comment period. According to the States Page of the Website for the Common Core Standards, you will see that 42 states, the District of Columbia, and the Department of Defense Education Activity have adopted the Common Core State Standards in English Language Arts and Literacy (the English Language Arts Standards include sections on literacy in Social Studies/History, Science and Technical Subjects) and in Mathematics.
Before reading about the technology standards, please find out about the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE). Find out about ISTE as an education association. Please see www.iste.org . ISTE is an excellent teaching organization to join.
Now familiarize yourself with the ISTE Student Standards. Watch all the sample videos for each standard to help you understand how you can use the standard in your lesson design.
Remember: You will be using these standards in your lesson plan.
The ISTE Standards for Educators represent what all teachers should know and be able to do. Throughout this training program, (and in your final project), you will be demonstrating that you have met these standards.
We will now focus our attention on two technology models, SAMR and TPACK. The goal of these models is to help you consider how to develop lessons that integrate technology AND transform learning. What does transform really mean?
As you have seen in the video and examples, SAMR is a way to transform your classroom, what's commonly referred to as Teaching Above the Line.
As you see in the image of the SAMR model, there is a line between Enhancement and Transformation.
As you design your lesson plan for our assignment, ask yourself ,"Am I enhancing my lesson or transforming my lesson by using technology?"
In addition to the SAMR model, TPACK is another technology model that will help you think about your own technology integration and areas where you would like to grow your knowledge and skill.
Technology is a fantastic and effective learning tool when used correctly. The question becomes….what does correct and effective use of technology look like? How do we know when we are using it appropriately? What guides an educator in selecting cutting-edge technology other then the ‘cool’ factor?
Watch the following short video about TPACK. Retrieved from: (https://youtu.be/0wGpSaTzW58)
The following Common Sense Education video, Introduction to TPACK (Retrieved from: https://youtu.be/EmRw_wARuMk) describes two particular advantages of TPACK. One is that the model helps us reflect on our own spheres of knowledge, which then encourages us to seek help in those areas where we are not as strong. When you develop your lesson plan, you may want to especially explore those areas in more depth. For example, do you need more help in TCK (technology content knowledge)--new technologies useful in your content area--even though you feel strong in technology overall. Or, do you know the technologies in your content well, but need support in TPK (technology pedagogical knowledge)--using the technologies effectively in the classroom.
A second strength of the TPACK model, alluded to by Common Sense Education, is that it reminds us that technology is only one part of great teaching. No matter how thrilling a new tool may appear, we need to connect our knowledge of that technology to what we know about content (our subject) and to teaching strategies.
For teaching strategies, we need to consider both general teaching strategies (e.g., grouping strategies) and content-specific strategies (e.g., grouping strategies for literature circles in English language arts).
Create a discussion post and share how you will apply what you learned in this module in your lesson plan. You post should address the following:
Indicate the content standard you will use.
Identify the technology standard that applies.
Which of the technology models do you prefer (SAMR or TPACK)? Why?
Respond to at least two colleagues' posts. Also reply to ALL the replies on your post.
Create and implement a lesson plan following from the content in this module and the discussion. Remember to apply the recommendations from colleagues.
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